Human trafficking in the USA

By Kylee Bagley

Staff Writer

Sorry Abe, but slavery is not dead. According to the International Labor Organization, human trafficking affects over 20.9 million victims daily, but the majority of Americans think slavery ended in 1863 with the dawning of the Emancipation Proclamation Act. DoSomething.org cites that a slave today costs $90 globally. That’s over 50% less than your rose gold iPhone. There are three main types of human trafficking: sex, labor, and child. Where is this modern day slavery happening? In your cities, of course, and Cumberland County is no exception.

Human trafficking is a supply and demand driven criminal industry. Jamie Bagley, a local pastor with a PhD in philosophy, has been working to bring awareness to human trafficking since 2001. When asked to give a definition of human trafficking in laymen’s terms, Bagley said, “The unlawful transferring/ transporting of people for forced labor or sexual exploitation.” Unfortunately, the demand for cheap labor, services, and commercial sex are extremely high across the 50 states and even higher across the globe.

According to TraffickingResourceCenter.org, the human trafficking market generates $150 billion in profits yearly worldwide. Traffickers use force, fraud, and coercion to control their victims. Eighty percent of human trafficking victims are made into sex workers. These women and men are forced to work in residential brothels, escort services, fake massage businesses, strip clubs, and as street prostitutes. It can be hard to spot victims, and almost impossible to get them to admit that they are slaves.

Five and a half million human trafficking victims are children. In 2014, 1 of 6 runaways reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children were taken as trafficking victims. You may wonder what exactly “child trafficking” means. When children are sold or taken into child slavery they are forced to work in sweatshops, construction sites, and brothels, as domestic servants, beggars, and child soldiers. The United States is considered a “source and transit” country, wherein victims are found and transported through and throughout America with relative ease. It is one of the top destination points for child victims of exploitation.

Most people who are victims of human trafficking live in constant fear of their abductor.

The trafficker carries all the power in the relationship and brainwashes victims into believing they are indebted. Victims will feel reluctant to accept help because their trust has been immeasurably broken and they don’t think anyone will be able to help them. Some even feel as if it is better to stay a victim because their trafficker “takes care of them.” He/she provides them with a place to sleep, food (minimal), and what they are made to believe is love. Most victims do not realize the help they are able to receive from the proper authorities and think trying to get out will do more harm than good.

When educating others on human trafficking, Bagley refers to it as, “the systematic evil of slavery that thrives in our culture.” He uses personal recounts of victims to elicit emotional responses from listeners. In 2008, Bagley was put in contact with a human trafficking victim that had been kidnapped and forced into prostitution in Las Vegas, where she had moved from Paraguay to make money to send home to her family. After months of turmoil she escaped and ended up in North Jersey. Bagley and other local pastors began collecting donations for the woman and were able to send her home to her mother and five children.

The Polaris Project, a non-profit that works to end modern day slavery, stated that more than 18,000 cases of human trafficking were reported to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline in the past eight years. This happens from receiving over 100 calls a day from all 50 states. Last year, New Jersey had 86 cases of human trafficking reported, but just imagine how many went unreported.

William Wilberforce, an English politician who joined British parliament during the early 1800’s, was asked to confront slavery under his new title by friends. At the end of his presentation to Parliament, Wilberforce said, “You can choose to turn your head and look the other way, but you can never say you did not know.” The only way human trafficking can be eliminated is through awareness, which sparks change in the hearts of the people.

The Game Changer

The music business has always had its popular artists. The list of artists can go on and on. You have names like, Michael Jackson, Beyoncé, Adele, Katy Perry, Kanye West, and many more. The cool thing about all music artists, are each artist has a different background. Drake fits the profile of a different artist with a unique background.

Aubrey Drake Graham was born on October 24, 1986, in Toronto, Canada. Drake is the first black Jewish-Canadian rap star. At a young age Drake had music in his blood. Drake’s father, Dennis Graham, was a drummer for the well-known legendary rock star Jerry Lee Lewis. Drake’s mother Sandi Graham also hails from a very musical family.

Drake comes from an eclectic and unique racial and religious background. Aubrey’s father is an African-American Catholic and, Aubrey’s mother is a white Canadian Jew. Commenting on his personal identity, Drake says, “At the end of the day, I consider myself a black man because I’m more immersed in black culture than any other. Being Jewish is kind of a cool twist. It makes me unique” (biography.com).

Drake’s parents had divorced when he was 5 years old. Therefore Drake was raised by his mother in Forest Hill. Forest Hill was an affluent and predominantly Jewish Toronto neighborhood. Drake had a Bar Mitzvah at the age of 13, and practiced the Jewish High Holy Days with his mother. “My mom has always made Hanukkah fun, Drake recalls. When I was younger, she gave cool gifs and she’d make latkes” (biography.com).

It was one of Drake’s classmates at Forest Hill that gave Drake, his first start in the entertainment industry. Drake’s friend’s father became his agent.

Shortly afterward, in 2001, Drake landed a role on the Canadian teen drama series Degrassi: The Next Generation. The show follows the dramatic lives of a group of teenagers at Degassi High School, and Drake played Jimmy Brooks. Also known as Wheelchair Jimmy, a basketball star who became wheelchair bound when he is shot by a classmate.

Drake starred on Degrassi for seven ears (2001-2009), also earning a 2002 Young Artist Award for best ensemble in a TV series.

On June 15, 2010, Drake released his very first full studio album. Drake’s album was title Thank Me Later, which debuted at number 1 on both American and Canadian album charts, and has since been certified platinum. Not only does Drake rap, but he also sings and writes songs. Drake owns his own label which is call OVO. OVO stands for Octobers Very Own.

In 2011, Drake released his second album titled Take Care. In 2013, Drake released his third album titled Nothing Was the Same. Both albums went number 1 on the billboard charts. Drake is in charge of designing the uniforms for the NBA team Toronto Raptors. Drake also has partnerships with Jordan, Sprite, and Apple Music.

 

 

 

Adopt for Christmas

By Marla Newsom

With Christmas right around the corner, I’m sure you’re excited to spend time with family and give gifts between one another. Some families will get an extra special gift on Christmas morning; one that I was definitely asking for when I was younger, and that’s a puppy. I’m sure almost everyone has dreamed of waking up, running to the tree and seeing a puppy with a bow on their head waiting for you. Although, I’m sure the puppy you imagine right away is a well groomed, fluffy puppy with big beautiful eyes, but this Christmas you should think about all the puppies up for adoption at your local shelter.

If you didn’t know there are animal shelters all around the country filled with dogs just waiting to be adopted. Dogs of all different ages, personalities, and breeds. These dogs aren’t the ones waiting under the tree that you see in movies, but they’re just as good. The dogs in the shelters wait around every day hoping they meet their forever-family. They dream about a perfect Christmas morning with family just as much as we do.

The cost is much cheaper as well. These animals are neutered, microchipped, given shots for heartworm, ticks and fleas, and rabie shots as well as the shots needed for dogs of a specific age. All together the money you’re saving for medical bills is around five-hundred dollars. When it comes to the average price it varies by age and shelter. The Philadelphia Animal Shelter give prices based on age of the dog. Puppies of six months or younger are $300, dogs of more than six months are $150, and there are also specific price changes to dogs with different types of medical condition, age, or breed. The price changes depending on which shelter you are looking into, so be sure to ask the shelter when you call or visit.

Recently, the Philadelphia Animal Shelter became overcrowded and was forced to put down 22 dogs. They decided to waive all adoption fees for the next couple days to prevent something like this happening again. Luckily, because of this decision they managed to save the lives of 238 dogs and find them forever-families, but there are still plenty of dogs in the Philadelphia Shelter and shelters all around such as the Cumberland County Animal Shelter located in Vineland waiting to find their human best friend. Buying from breeders or pet shops is okay and there is nothing wrong with giving those puppies homes as well, but if you’re considering a pet this Christmas or anytime of the year, please think about checking your local animal shelter first. Your best friend could be there waiting and you don’t even know it!

Our 44th United States President

There’s been a lot of Presidents that have graced The White House. Many of the Presidents have done a good, and bad job while in office. Overall as a country we have the honor to decide who the President will be. In 208, Barack Obama was voted to be the 44th President of the United States of America. Also Obama is the first African American to serve as U.S. President. Barack won a second term in 2012.

Barack Obama was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Obama had been a community organizer, civil-rights lawyer, and teacher. Obama than went on to pursue his political career. Barack was elected to the Illinois State Senate in 1996, and later elected to the U.S. Senate in 2004. Obama was elected to his U.S. presidency in 2008. Later Barack won his re-election in 2012 against, Republican foe Mitt Ramney.

Obama’s mother’s name is Ann Dunham. Ann was born on an Army base in Wichita, Kansas, during World War II. Ann’s father Stanley enlisted himself in the military. Ann’s mother, Madelyn worked on a bomber assembly line.

Barack’s father, Barack Obama Sr., was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Obama’s father was taught to herd goats in Africa. Obama Sr. received a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya. Obama Sr. left Kenya to pursue his dreams and attend the University of Hawaii. Obama Sr. met Ann Dunham at Hawaii. They were married on February 2, 1961. Obama was born six months later.

As a teenager, Obama lived with his grandparents. Obama attended Punahou Academy. Obama was an excellent basketball player, and graduated with academic honors in 1979. Obama became very conscious of racism, and also of what it meant to be African-American.

Obama had a hard time dealing with the absences of his father. Obama’s parents divorced when Barack was a teen. After high school, Obama attended Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years. Obama later transferred to Columbia University in New York City, graduating in 1983. Barack received his degree in political science. Obama later moved to Chicago in 1985.

Obama decided to enter Harvard Law School in 1988. The following year, Obama joined the Chicago law firm of Sidley Austin as a summer associate. Michelle Robinson a young lawyer was assigned to be Obama’s adviser. The two soon began dating. In February 1990, Barack had been elected the first African American editor of the Harvard Law Review. He later graduated as a magna cum laude in 1991. After graduating from Harvard, Obama returned to Chicago to practice as a civil rights lawyer.

Barack ran for a seat in the Illinois State Senate. Obama ran as a Democrat, and won the election in 1996. For the years that Obama ran as State Senator, he also worked with both Democrats and Republicans. Barack created a state earned-income tax credit for the working poor.

 

 

Dwyane Wade the Peoples Champ

Everyone enjoys sports, and it’s whole entirely. When you watch sports games it’s easy to notice the highs and lows. It’s kind of like life, theirs ups and downs. The most important things is to have as many great moments as possible. Dwyane Wade fits this description very well.

Dwyane Wade was born on January 17, 1982 in Chicago, Illinois. Wade was drafted by the Miami Heat in 2003. Wades position is a shooting guard. Dwyane is a two-time NBA champion. Wade won championships with the Miami Heat in 2006 and 2012. In 2012 Wade had the opportunity to play on the same team with his best friend LeBron James. LeBron joined the Miami Heat in the summer of 2012. Together Both Wade and James were unstoppable on the court.

Dwyane has received three other important awards in his career. In 2004 Wade was selected to the NBA All-Rookies first team. Wade was named the 2006 finals MVP. Dwyane also received the 2010 NBA All-Star MVP.

After Wade was born, his parents Dwyane Sr. and Jolinda Wade separated. Wade has an older sister named Tragil. Dwyane’s family went through many food and money issues. His family was forced to go on welfare.

At 8 years old, Wade’s sister Tragil took Wade to live with his father. When Wade moved with his father his life changed for the better. Wade’s father later moved the family to Robbins, Illinois. Robbins is a south Chicago suburb area. Dwyane played basketball outside with his stepbrothers every day. Wade’s brothers were very huge. Therefore Dwyane had to earn everything, which in return gave Wade toughness. Dwyane went to Harold L. Richards High School in Oak Lawn. Wade also played football. Wade knew he had to make a choice on which sport he wanted to play most. Wade chose his first love basketball.

In Wade’s high-school junior year, he became the star of his varsity basketball team. Wade averaged 20.7 points, and 7.6 rebounds per game. During Dwyane’s senior year he averaged 27.0 points and 11.0 rebounds per game.

Wade received a scholarship from the University of Marquette. Once again Dwyane led his team in points and rebounds. In 2003, Wade was selected 5th in the NBA draft. Wade and LeBron were both in the same draft. Currently Wade has two gold medals, two time All-NBA first team, three time all-defensive team, and a three time NBA champion.

Dwyane has three sons. Their names are Zaire Blessing Dwyane Wade, Zion Malachi Airamis Wade, and Xavier Zechariah Wade. Both Zaire and Zion play basketball and their both really good at. Dwyane Wade is married to famous actress Gabrielle Union. Union is currently the star of one of the best television series Being Mary Jane. Wade has partnerships with Stance Socks, Li-Ning Shoe Brand, and Gatorade.

Trans Lives Matter

By Marla Newsom

Keisha Jenkins, 22, was attacked and killed by five to six males, and shot in the back while exiting her vehicle. Keyshia Blige, 33, shot in the shoulder, and lost control of her vehicle resulting in a crash that killed her. Jasmine Collins, 32, stabbed to death over an argument about the shoes she was wearing. Tamara Dominguez, 36, was the victim of a brutal killing that police have not labeled a hate crime. Elisha Walker, 20, who had been reported missing was found beaten dead and buried behind a house. Kandis Capri, 35, shot to death with no suspect found. Ashton O’Hara, 25, beaten to death. Shade Schuler, 23, shot to death. Amber Monroe, 20, shot to death. K.C. Haggard, 66, stabbed to death. India Clarke, 25, beaten to death. Mercedes Williamson, 17, stabbed to death and buried in a field. London Chanel, 21, stabbed to death. Kristina Gomez Reinwald, 46, stabbed to death. Penny Proud, 21, shot to death. Taja Gabrielle DeJesus, 36, stabbed to death. Yazmin Vash Payne, 33, stabbed to death. Ty Underwood, 24, shot to death. Lamia Beard, 30, shot to death. Lamar “Papi” Edwards, 20, shot to death. Bri Golec, 22, stabbed to death by father.

All of the names listed are transgender women. A record breaking 22 trans women have been murdered in 2015 that has been recorded. Most of these deaths are not labeled as a hate crime by police, but the question is, “Should these be labeled as hate crimes?” and if so, “Why aren’t they?” These women were killed maliciously and it makes you think about the transphobia that is going on in our country and whether or not it is taken as serious as it should be. All of these names should not be forgotten, but be a reminder that transphobia is real and it exists in our country. The lists of deaths will continue to grow the longer we don’t take a stand. Some of the women listed were college students with a life ahead of them, but like you and me, they won’t be able to finish.

Trans Advocates such as Laverne Cox, Janet Mock, Aydian Dowling, Amiyah Scott, and Jen Richards continue to raise great awareness for the transgender community and inform those who aren’t aware of transphobia. Oxford Dictionary states that transphobia is an intense dislike of or prejudice against transsexual or transgender people. In recent news, Caitlyn Jenner has brought a light to the transgender community, but she does not represent them as a whole.

The National Health Care for the Homeless Council states, “In a study of 381 LBGT youth service providers, three of the top reported reasons for LBGT youth becoming homeless were: running away due to family rejection (46% of respondents), being forced out or expelled from the home by their parents (43% of respondents), and aging out of the foster care system (17% of respondents).” While most are forced to leave home to live on the streets or in foster care there are some who try to find housing on their own. The National Transgender Discrimination Study states that 19% of those who try to live on their own are denied and 11% are evicted. In addition, the struggle continues while finding jobs; of those who have jobs 47% admitted to different employee outcomes than others, and 90% face harassment or rude conduct on the job.

As students, there is much we can change about the world around us for the better if we open our hearts and our minds. Should our value on earth be determined by our sex or gender? Our generation has immense power to bring awareness to transphobia issues. What will you do about it?

Album Review: Made in the AM

BY: Marla Newsom

“Made in the AM” or Made After Malik (which some fans were quick to speculate) is One Direction’s most anticipated album to date since their 5th member, Zayn Malik left the band at the end of March while on their On The Road Again tour. Since then fans have been waiting for an album that proves Harry Styles, Louis Tomlinson, Liam Payne and Niall Horan can continue their success as a four person group.

Their new album is far different from anything we have heard from them before. Their first two singles “Drag Me Down” and “Perfect” foreshadow an album that would sell over 600,000 units in the first week. Rolling Stone magazine gives it four stars and calls it a “thanks for the memories” album before their well-earned break coming in 2016. Rolling Stone also says the new album has a Fleetwood Mac feeling along with vibes from others such as Verve, Harry Nilsson, and Christine McVie. This album was made purely of what they wanted to put out rather than what they needed to sound good in a stadium packed with 20,000 fans.

Their opening song, “Hey Angel” which Styles deemed their new “Clouds” because of its tone is one of the best songs they’ve released. Styles seemed to think so as well considering he posted lyrics of the song three times before the album was released. You can’t help but sing along and feel the passion in Style’s voice. Deciding to open with this song gives you the feeling that what lies ahead on the album is sure to please and show us a musical side to One Direction we have never heard before.

 

“Hey angel

Tell me, do you ever try

To come to the other side?

Hey angel

Tell me, do you ever cry

When we waste away our lives?”

 

My personal favorite would be track number 10 called “What a Feeling.” This song gives you a feel-good feeling the second you hear the first note. This is one of the more relaxed songs on the album and one that Tomlinson says has a different “flavor” than other songs they have released. The song has a strong 80’s feel to it that sounds like something The Bee Gees or Hall & Oates would create. This song has a type of groove that you can enjoy best on a long drive cruising with the windows down and a couple friends in the car.

 

“What a feeling to be right here beside you now

Holding you in my arms

When the air ran out and we both started running wild

The sky fell down

But you’ve got stars in your eyes

And I’ve got something missing tonight

What a feeling to be a king beside you, somehow

I wish I could be there now”

 

Before the release of “Made in the Am” Payne decided to post a quick 8 second video on Twitter of the song Olivia. Within 8 seconds, I was texting my cousin about how jealous I was that One Direction wrote a song about her. The second I heard the full song I was ready to sign all the documents needed to change my name. What I specifically like about this song is that Styles says that Olivia doesn’t specifically have to be a person. Olivia can represent an object, a place, or just something that makes you feel good. Towards the end of the song, there’s this almost “Willy Wonka- World of Pure Imagination” feel to it that I absolutely love. The lyrics in that bit are probably one of my favorite ever, but I think you should check it out for yourself.

 

“I live for you, I long for you, Olivia

I’ve been idolizing the light in your eyes, Olivia

I live for you, I long for you, Olivia

Don’t let me go”

 

One of their slower songs is “If I could Fly.” This song is the ultimate “I love you” type of song. It’s so simple and you can tell it was written because the boys genuinely wanted to make this type of song for themselves and for the fans rather than previous songs they’ve released for the pure purpose to sound good in a stadium. One specific line at the end consisted of all the boys singing one line each, and it falls together so well.

“For your eyes only, I’ll show you my heart

For when you’re lonely and forget who you are

I’m missing half of me when we’re apart

Now you know me, for your eyes only”

 

The last song to discuss is History. Horan says that it’s a thank you song to the fans, to all the people who helped on tour, and to everyone who has been there with them for the last five years and that’s why it’s one of the best songs they’ve ever done. The song explains everything we have been through together. The song isn’t a goodbye song but it’s a thank you and see you later song. I can honestly say before their well-earned break, One Direction has proved to everyone that losing a member isn’t a loss, but instead, something that has only made them stronger.

 

“You and me got a whole lot of history

We could be the greatest thing that the world has ever seen

You and me got a whole lot of history

So don’t let it go, we can make some more, we can live forever”